The dual spirits

Most religions are influenced by the external environment and beliefs and Zoroastrianism is no exception. The western belief that there is one God has subconsciously put pressure on our community to be seen as modern, which is why many Zoroastrians claim to be monotheistic (as I used to). This is especially so as generations of Zoroastrians have been educated in Christian schools and colleges. Some scholars, who misunderstood the principle of the two primal spirits or energies, opined there are two gods in Zoroastrianism. Zarathushtra’s philosophy is quite clear that in the beginning there were two spirits — the positive, Spenta......

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